A mountain bike or mountain bicycle (abbreviated Mtn Bike or MTB is a bicycle designed for off-road cycling. Mountain bikes share similarities with other bikes, but incorporate features designed to enhance durability and performance in rough terrain. These typically include a front or full suspension, large knobby tires, more durable wheels, more powerful brakes, and lower gear ratios for climbing steep grades. Mountain bikes are typically ridden on mountain trails, single track, fire roads, and other unpaved surfaces. This type of terrain commonly has rocks, roots, loose dirt, and steep grades. Many trails have additional TTF's (Technical Trail Features) such as log piles, log rides, rock gardens, skinnier, gap jumps, and wall-rides. Mountain bikes are built to handle these types of terrain and features. The heavy-duty construction combined with stronger rims and wider tires has also made this style of bicycle popular with urban riders and couriers who must navigate through potholes and over curbs. Since the development of the sport in the 1970s many new sub types of mountain biking have developed, such as cross-country (XC), all-day endurance, free-ride, downhill, and a variety of track and slalom types. Each of these place different demands on the bike requiring different designs for optimal performance. MTB development has led to an increase in suspension travel, now often up to 8 inches (200 mm), and gearing up to 27 speeds, to facilitate both climbing and rapid descents. Advancements in gearing have also led to a "1x" (pronounced "one-by") trend, simplifying the gearing to one chaining in the front, and a cassette at the rear, typically with 9 - 11 sprockets.
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Giant Manufacturing Co. Ltd. is a Taiwanese bicycle manufacturer that is recognized as the world's largest bicycle manufacturer.
Trek Bicycle Corporation is a major bicycle and cycling product manufacturer and distributor under brand names Trek, Electra Bicycle Company, Gary Fisher, Bontrager, Diamant Bikes, Villiger Bikes and until 2008, LeMond Racing Cycles and Klein
Started in 1983, Saracen was a leading bike company from the very beginning and built one of the UK’s first Mountain bikes. In 1984 two of the first Saracen Mountain bikes were ridden to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro by Nick and Richard Crane and the brand was a market leader during the early 1990s. In 2009, the brand was acquired by Madison, the number one distributer of bicycles, parts and accessories in the UK, and has undergone significant investment to return it to the top-tier. Building great bikes. That’s what we do. It’s the focus of our small team at Saracen and we’re really proud and passionate. We have travelled many thousands of miles on the humble bicycle and over the past three decades watched them develop, innovate and evolve. We’ve seen trends and fashion come and go but one thing remains: that feeling of being on a bike. The freedom it gives, the relaxation, the adrenalin, the passion and the overall love of bikes.
Santa Cruz Bicycles is a manufacturer of high end mountain bikes based in Santa Cruz, California. They sponsor the Santa Cruz Syndicate, a downhill racing team.
GT Bicycles designs and manufactures road, mountain, and BMX bicycles - originally in the United States, and now as a division of Canadian conglomerate, Dorel Industries, which also markets Cannondale, Schwinn, Mongoose, IronHorse, Dyno, and RoadMaster bicycle brands; all manufactured in Asia.
GHOST-Bikes was founded by the young bike enthusiasts Uwe Kalliwoda and Klaus Möhwald in Waldsassen, in the Upper Palatinate region of North Bavaria in 1993. The brand develops produces high-quality bikes for professional and recreational riders. The range covers mountain bikes, road bikes, trekking bikes, e-bikes and urban models. GHOST is also a committed sponsor for some of the world’s best MTB teams and riders. The company is growing fast and employs 335 staff, 135 of whom work in the home town of Waldsassen. As well as corporate locations in the Netherlands, Spain, Korea, Southern China and Taiwan, GHOST focuses on future of production in Germany. 70% of all GHOST bikes are already manufactured in Waldsassen. In 2008, Uwe Kalliwoda and Klaus Möhwald offered their owner-managed business to the Accell Group from the Netherlands. Accell continues to trust the expertise of the company's founder Uwe Kalliwoda (CEO).
Bianchi, with its historical Italian brand, is a performance bicycle company characterized by product driven technology, Italian design and global market. Bianchi believes the frame is the heart of the bicycle and it is constantly investing in material technology with the aim to produce the best bikes in the world. Bianchi offers to the market a complete range of models for Road, MTB, City-Trekking, e-Bikes and accessories to meet the needs of all cyclists. All frames are designed and developed inside the Bianchi headquarter in Treviglio (Bergamo, Italy), same as all graphics and colors combinations. With its Reparto Corse (Racing Department), Bianchi led the way with race proven geometry and technology as the market changed from steel to aluminum and then titanium, and now to the most advanced material: carbon.
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